The Orchard House practice chain begins with Richard Faircloth, who’s a very significant character in the medical history of Newmarket (see the page on Richard Faircloth for full details). His significance is not least because he’s the head of the Oakfield practice chain as well (see The Oakfield practice chain). So he founded two of today’s three Newmarket practices. Basically his successor, John Rowland Wright, took on a partner Walter Hutchinson, but later they diverged, practising separately. Interestingly, it was the new recruit Walter Hutchinson who continued working from Richard Faircloth’s old premises, and continued the Oakfield practice chain. John Wright moved his practice to elsewhere in Newmarket, from which the Orchard House Surgery of today evolved, through a line of succession as detailed below.
Richard Faircloth qualified in the early 1830s, and was in Newmarket by 1836. His was one of three new practices that began in that decade (the others being the Fyson practice chain and the Page–Meads–Crompton practice chain). Their beginnings coincided with the end of the Edwards–Norton–Taylor– Kendall–Thomas–Bullen practice chain, which ran from the 1770s to 1839. There’s no evidence of any continuity from this older chain to any of the three new ones. In fact there is specific evidence that they were separate entities, from trade directories and the Newmarket Union minutes. The only practice with continuity from the 1820s to the 1840s was that of Robert James Peck (see The Rookery practice chain).
Richard Faircloth worked from a house on the High Street that stood at the eastern end of what’s now the Post Office (see an image on the page about Richard Faircloth). He had numerous assistants over the years (again see the page on Richard Faircloth for full details), but just before his retirement in 1878 he was joined in partnership by John Rowland Wright, who had been an assistant in the rival Fyson practice up the other end of the High Street. Somewhat surprisingly, Richard Faircloth’s assistant at the time (Charles Wing) who had been with him for many years, relocated to his native Bury St Edmunds at that point rather than taking on the Faircloth practice. This short handover style partnership between Richard Faircloth and John Wright seems to have been a common model in 19th century Newmarket, there being examples in other practice chains, and possibly later in this one too, see below (and see The practice chains of Newmarket regarding the other chains).
Within a year, John Wright was joined in partnership by the slightly younger Walter Hutchinson, who had been working as a ship’s doctor. He can be seen living and working in the Wright household on the 1881 census (see an image on the page about Walter Hutchinson), which had continued in Richard Faircloth’s old house. However, it appears this partnership dissolved in about 1883. From 1884 it stops being mentioned in the Medical Directory and the same year Walter Hutchinson and John Wright appear as rivals in an application for a Newmarket Union poor law role. As mentioned in the introduction above, interestingly the junior partner Walter Hutchinson continued in Richard Faircloth’s old residence, where he can be seen on the 1891 census, by which time John Wright was in Rous Villa (it’s of note that later the Oakfield practice chain worked from Rous Villa too, several decades after John Wright’s time there – see the pages on Rous Villa and The Oakfield practice chain for details).
However, it appears that after the divergence John Wright practised from elsewhere on the High Street for a while, before moving to Rous Villa at some point during the few years before 1891. Then he practised from there until his relatively young death at the age of 47 in 1893. He was succeeded by John Hansby Maund, who had been working in London after qualifying in 1890. John Wright’s widow continued to live in Rous Villa until 1901 at least, even though John Maund gave Rous Villa as his address in the Medical Register up until 1902, at which point his entry changed to Brackley House (also in Rous Road – see the page on Brackley House). However, the Maund family had been living in Brackley House as early as 1894, and can be seen there on the 1901 census. Also, it appears that Dr Maund gave Brackley House as his business address in a local 1896 trade directory. So it’s not entirely clear at what point he moved the practice to Brackley House. Certainly he lived there, likely from his arrival in town in 1893. He probably practised from Rous Villa initially at least, to emphasise his continuity with Dr Wright. However, certainly from 1902 onwards he was just using just the Brackley House address, both living and working from there.
Then some time between 1906 and 1908 Dr Maund moved the practice to Grosvenor House on the High Street, next door to Richard Faircloth’s old residence where the practice had started, but well after Walter Hutchinson had moved the Oakfield branch further up the High Street (see the pages on John Hansby Maund, Grosvenor House, Walter Hutchinson and The Oakfield practice chain for details).
Dr Maund moved the practice again some time between 1922 and 1926, this time to Heath Cottage at the bottom of Bury Road (see the page on Heath Cottage for details). Then interestingly, after nearly four decades in practice at Newmarket, in 1931/1932 Dr Maund left to become a ship’s surgeon. He was succeeded at Heath Cottage by Dr Norman Charles Simpson, possibly with a brief overlap (see the references below).
Dr Simpson continued working from Heath Cottage for a few years, then in 1936 moved the practice to Lincoln Lodge, in Rayes Lane. It’s of interest that the telephone number for the practice in the early days of Lincoln Lodge, the amazingly short Newmarket 14 (cf. similar numbers for the other early 20th century practices), was the same number used by the practice not only at Heath Cottage but also as far back as Dr Maund at Grosvenor House in 1910, in fact first recorded as his number in 1907, which is perhaps when he moved to Grosvenor House. Dr Simpson was succeeded at Lincoln Lodge by Dr MacKenzie in 1946, but continued working locally for a year or so after that, possibly again using the short handover partnership model mentioned above. Dr Simpson lived in Westley Waterless during that time, but by 1948 he had moved away from the Newmarket area completely (it’s of note that in 2014 a 79 year old patient of Orchard House Surgery remembered the time when the practice was run by Dr Simpson at Lincoln Lodge).
There are many Newmarket residents who will remember the time when Orchard House Surgery was at Lincoln lodge and run by Dr MacKenzie. The practice remained there until 1974. The page on Lincoln Lodge lists the doctors who worked there, with dates. However, before moving to their present building in Fred Archer Way, from 1974 to 1984 the practice was run from what’s now a private house on Exning Road (see the page on Exning Road Surgery for details).
Note: Included here are only the references with direct relevance to the chain as explained above and its connections. For wider references regarding each medic/practice see the relevant links.
1831, 8th December: Richard Faircloth passed the LSA examination, ‘son of Mr. Richard Faircloth of St. Albans Herts’, baptized 18th June 1809. It records that he was apprenticed to ‘Mr. James Mash of Northampton’, ‘APOTHECARY for five Years’, with an indenture dated 15th July 1826 and his hospital training having been 7 months at Guys Hospital. He’s recorded as having attended lectures in chemistry, materia medica and therapeutics, anatomy and physiology, anatomical demonstrations, the principles and practice of medicine, clinical medicine and midwifery. Reference: Court of Examiners Candidates’ Qualification Entry Book, The Society of Apothecaries Archives, Apothecaries’ Hall, Black Friars Lane, London EC4V 6EJ. [Note: see the page on Richard Faircloth for more details.]
1836, 11th March: ‘Richard Faircloth of Newmarket Surgeon’ elected as medical officer to district 7 of the newly formed Newmarket Union (there were seven districts, not defined). Reference: 611/11, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: it’s likely that he was in Newmarket for a year or few before this – see the page on Richard Faircloth for further details and discussion.], [Note also, ‘Norton and Thomas of Newmarket’ were elected to a different district, as were Robert James Peck, and Robert Fyson. These appear to have been the four practices in town at this stage. There were briefly five in 1839 (see below), when Frederick Page is first recorded in town and Mark Bullen ‘of the firm Norton and Bullen’ was still alive.]
1839: ‘Faircloth Richard, High st’ listed under ‘Surgeons & Apothecaries’ in ‘Newmarket and Neighbourhood’ Cambridgeshire. Reference: Pigot and Co.’s royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedford, Cambridge, Essex, Herts, Huntingdon, Kent, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Surrey and Sussex…. London & Manchester: J. Pigot & Co.; 1839, pg 65. [Note: Bullen Mark Edmund [sic], High st, Fyson Robert, High St, Page Frederick, High St, and Peck Robert James, High St are listed separately.]
1839: ‘Faircloth Richard’ listed under ‘surgeons’ in Newmarket, Cambridgeshire. Reference: Robson’s royal court guide and peerage, with the commercial directory of London and the six counties forming the Norfolk circuit, viz. Beds, Bucks, Cambridgeshire, Hunts, Norfolk, and Suffolk:… . London: William Robson & Co.; 1839, pg 48. [Note: Bullen Mark, Fyson Robert, Page Frederick and Peck Robert James are listed separately.], [Note also, see the page on Frederick Page for an image.]
1847: ‘FAIRCLOTH, RICHARD, New-market, Cambridge – Gen. Pract.; M.R.C.S. 1832; L.S.A. 1831.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1847. [Note: this was the first edition with a provincial section.]
1874: ‘Mr. Fyson deposed to a scarcity of lymph while the small-pox raged, and was confirmed by his assistant, Mr. Wright… Mr. C. L. [sic] Wing, assistant to Mr. Faircloth, was ex amined [line break without hyphen] at this point on behalf of Dr. Mead, and spoke of the difficulty of getting good lymph.’ Reference: The Bury and Norwich Post. Tuesday Sept 8 1874: 6. [Note: this shows not only that Charles Wing was Richard Faircloth’s assistant, but also that at this stage John Rowland Wright was still working with Robert Fyson.], [Note also, this was part of a report regarding an investigation by the Newmarket Union into alleged problems with the way in which Dr Mead had vaccinated some patients and some other issues.]
1877, 28th August: A local government inspector questioned the use of deputies to perform vaccinations, including Charles Wing for Richard Faircloth in Dullingham. The Newmarket Board defended these vaccinations as having been ‘well performed by Mr. C. E. Wing a duly qualified person’, but this incident seems to have caused Richard Faircloth to decide to resign again from this role (it wasn’t the first time – see the page on Richard Faircloth). Reference: 611/30, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: it’s possible that this incident played a part in Charles Wing deciding to leave for Bury too.]
1877, 11th September: ‘Mr John Rowland Wright was appointed Public Vaccinator of No. 2 District in the room of Mr Richard Faircloth resigned and a contract entered into upon the same terms as his predecessor…’ Reference: 611/30, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: this might be the point at which John Rowland Wright entered a handover partnership with Richard Faircloth – see below.]
1878: ‘WING, CHARLES EDWD., 71, Guildhall-st. Bury St. Edmunds – L.R.C.P. Edin. 1869; M.R.C.S. Eng. 1868; L.S.A. 1869; (Guy’s).’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1878. [Note: this was his first Bury entry in The Medical Directory.]
1878: ‘FAIRCLOTH, RICHARD, Newmarket, Cambs – F.R.C.S. Eng. 1852, M. 1832; L.S.A. 1831; (Guy’s).’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1878. [Note: this was his last Newmarket entry in The Medical Directory (see 1879 below).]
1878: ‘WRIGHT, JOHN ROWLAND, Newmarket. Cambs (Faircloth and Wright) – M.R.C.S. Eng. 1871; (St. Mary’s); late House Surg. Male Lock Hosp. Lond.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1878. [Note: his 1879 Medical Directory entry continued to mention ‘Faircloth and Wright’, even though Richard Faircloth had moved to London (see 1879 below), presumably to emphasise the continuity of the business. In 1880 his entry was the same, but marked with a *, indicating that it had not been updated, then in 1881 it was updated to ‘Wright and Hutchinson’ – see the pages on John Rowland Wright and Walter Hutchinson.]
1879: ‘FAIRCLOTH, RICHARD, South Lodge, Camp-den-hill, Kensington, W. – F.R.C.S. Eng. 1852, M. 1832; L.S.A. 1831; (Guy’s and N’hamp.).’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1879. [Note: see the page on Richard Faircloth for more details.]
1880: ‘HUTCHINSON, WALTER, Surg. P. and O. Co.’s Serv.– M.R.C.S. Eng. 1875; (King’s Coll.). Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1880. [Note: this is in the separate ‘Medical Officers of the Army and Navy, Indian Medical Service, and mercantile marine’ section.]
1880, 3rd January: Walter Hutchinson, M.R.C.S., Newmarket, published a paper in the Lancet entitled, ‘Rare case of intestinal obstruction of thirty-nine days’ duration; recovery.’ He stated that the case was ‘a short time ago’, but also mentions 11th May, so it was likely May 1879. Interestingly it states, ‘My partner, Mr. J. R. Wright, saw the lad.’ Reference: The Lancet 1880;115(2940):11-12. [Note: see the page on John Rowland Wright for more details.]
1881: ‘HUTCHINSON, WALTER, Newmarket, Cambs.– M.R.C.S. Eng. 1875; (King’s Coll.). Mem. Brit. Med. Assoc.; late Surg. U.S. Mail Line, and P. and O. Co.’s Serv. Contrib. “Rare Case of In-testinal Obstruction of 39 days’ duration – Re-covery,” Lancet, 1880.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1881.
1881: ‘WRIGHT, JOHN ROWLAND, Newmarket. Cambs (Wright and Hutchinson) – M.R.C.S. Eng. 1871; (St. Mary’s); late House Surg. Male Lock Hosp. Lond.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1881. [Note: see the page on John Rowland Wright for an image.], [Note also, he mentions Wright and Hutchinson up to and including 1883 (although his 1883 entry is marked as not having been updated), after which Hutchinson is not mentioned in John Wright’s entry – see the page on John Rowland Wright.]
1881, 3rd/4th April: John R. Wright, aged 35, ‘Surgeon + general practitioner M.R.C.S.’, born in Small Heath, Warwick, and Walter Hutchinson, aged 28, ‘M.R.C.S. + General Practitioner’, with his wife Edith Wright, aged 31, born in Cannock, Staffordshire, son Cecil R, aged 7, daughter Josephine H. M., aged 4 (both born in Newmarket), unmarried sister Josephine H. Wright, aged 30, born in Leicester, and three servants, living in the High Street, Newmarket All Saints’ parish. Reference: The National Archives, 1881 census. [Note: see the page on Walter Hutchinson for an image.], [Note also, by comparing sequential census details, it can be seen that this was Richard Faircloth’s old house (see the page on the next door Grosvenor House) – see also the page on Richard Faircloth for a later image of this building.]
1884, 11th March: ‘This being the day fixed for the appointment of a Medical Officer for the second District of the Union the Clerk read a letter from Mr John R. Wright the present officer offering himself for re-election Also a letter from Mr Walter Hutchinson of Newmarket Surgeon applying for the appointment in the event of the Guardians being desirous of a change.’ Walter Hutchinson was elected to the role, including that of vaccinator. Reference: 611/32, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: see the pages on John Rowland Wright and Walter Hutchinson for more details.]
1885: ‘Wright John Rowland, surgeon, High street’ listed in White’s Directory under Newmarket. Reference: White’s history, gazetteer and directory of Suffolk. Sheffield: White Wm; 1885, pg 519. [Note: ‘Fyson Ernest’, ‘Fyson Robert’, ‘Gray Clement’, ‘Gray Frederick Clement’, ‘Mead Geo. Borwick’, ‘Mead Owen’, and ‘Hutchinson William’ [sic] are listed separately.], [Note also, this suggests that John Wright was practising from elsewhere on the High Street for a time after his divergence from Walter Hutchinson, but before his appearance in Rous Villa – see 1890 below also.]
1890: ‘WRIGHT, JOHN ROWLAND, High-st, New-market. Cambs – M.R.C.S. Eng. 1871; (St. Mary’s); Act. Asst. Surg. W. Suffolk R.V.; late House Surg. Male Lock Hosp. Lond.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1890. [Note: this was the last year that he mentioned his address as in the High Street, it first having been mentioned in his 1887 entry (before that no address was given). Note however, this 1890 entry is marked with a * indicating that it had not been updated from the previous year. In fact it had last been updated in 1888. Oddly, from 1891 onwards his entry is marked as ‘Address uncommunicated’, right up to his last entry in the main section in 1893.]
1891, 5th/6th April: John R. Wright, aged 46, ‘General Medical Practitioner’, born in Birmingham, with his wife Edith, and others, living in Rous Villa, Newmarket. Reference: The National Archives, 1891 census. [Note: see Walter Hutchinson below.], [Note also, see the pages on Rous Villa and John Rowland Wright for more details.]
1891, 5th/6th April: Walter Hutchinson, aged 38, ‘General Medical Practitioner’, born in Leominster, with others, living in between Grosvenor House and Willoughby House, High Street, Newmarket. Reference: The National Archives, 1891 census. [Note: see the page on Walter Hutchinson for more details and an image.], [Note also, this building was Richard Faircloth’s old residence as can be seen by examining sequential census returns, i.e. the same house that he was in on the 1881 census, but then it was the household of John Rowland Wright, who on this census was living in Rous Villa – see above.]
1893, 2nd March: ‘DEATH OF DR. WRIGHT.– Our readers will regret to hear of the death of Dr. J. R. Wright, which took place at his residence, on Thursday afternoon…’ Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Mar 4 1893: 5. [Note: see the page on John Rowland Wright for more details.]
1893, 17th April: ‘SERIOUS ACCIDENT TO A STABLE LAD.– On Monday morning last… the animal he was riding reared and threw him to the ground, the result being that one of his legs was broken. He was conveyed to the Rous Memorial Hospital, and was seen by several medical men, who arrived at the conclusion that there was no alternative but to amputate the injured part of the leg, the fracture being a very serious one. The operation was skilfully performed by Dr. Maunde [sic] (Dr. Wright’s successor), and the lad is now making satisfactory progress towards recovery.’ Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Apr 22 1893: 5. [Note: ‘Mr. J. H. Maund, surgeon, Newmarket’, also attended a patient who’d been accidentally hit by a train at Kennett on 20th April, although unlike this article it does not point out that he was Dr Wright’s successor. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Apr 29 1893: 6.]
1894: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Rous Villa, Newmarket…’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1894. [Note: this continued to be his address in the Medical Register until 1902, when it changed to Brackley House (see below).], [Note also, before this he was in London.], [Note also, he mentioned Newmarket in the Medical Directory from 1894 also, but no street address until 1910 – see below.]
1894: ‘MAUND, J. H., Brackley House, Newmarket’ listed as a subscriber. Reference: West S, Walsham WJ. Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports. London: Smith, Elder, & Co,; 1894 (Vol XXX), pg xxi.
1896: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. physician & surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon, Brackley house’ listed in the Newmarket commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Brackley house’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of Cambridgeshire… London: Kelly & Co. Limited; 1896, pgs 137-145 Newmarket section. [Note: Fyson Ernest Last, Grieves Jas. Percy, Gray Clement Frederick, Hutchinson Walter, Mead George Borthwick, and Mead George Owen are listed separately.]
1901, 31st March / 1st April: Edith Wright, aged 51, born in Cannock, Staffordshire, shown living in Rous Villa with her unmarried daughter May aged 24, and a servant. Reference: The National Archives, 1901 census.
1901, 31st March / 1st April: John H Maund, born in Ty Mawr Clydach, Breconshire, aged 37, occupation only partly legible but includes his medical qualifications MRCS and LRCP, with his wife Clare, and others, living at Brackley House, Rous Road, Newmarket. Reference: The National Archives, 1901 census. [Note: see the page on John Hansby Maund for more details.]
1902: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Brackley house, Newmarket, Cambs.’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1902. [Note: this continued to be his address in the Medical Register until 1910, when it changed to Grosvenor House (see below).]
1906: ‘MAUND, J. H., Brackley House, Newmarket’ listed as a subscriber. Reference: Garrod AE, McAdam Eccles W. Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports. London: Smith, Elder, & Co,; 1906 (Vol XLI), pg xxi.
1908: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. M.R.C.S.Eng. phy-sician & surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon & medi-cal officer of health to the Urban District Council, Grosvenor house’ listed in the Newmarket commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Grosvenor ho’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of the counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk (with coloured maps.) 1908. London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1908, pgs 185-192 Newmarket section. [Note: Crompton Ernest (Kingston house), Fyson Ernest Last (Cheveley house), Gray Clement Frederick (Lushington house), and Woollett Sidney Winslow (Cardigan lodge) are listed separately.]
1910: ‘MAUND, JOHN HANSBY, Grosvenor House, New-market, Cambs (Tel.14) -M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.Lond.1890; D.P.H.Cantab.1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H.Newmarket U.Dist.; Certif.Fact.Surg.; Mem.Camb.Med.Soc.; late Sen.Ho.Surg.St.Bart.Hosp. Contrib. “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,”Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1910. [Note: this was the first year that he gave a specific address in Newmarket in the Medical Directory, having mentioned the town since 1894 – see above, but he first mentioned the telephone number 14 in 1907, which is perhaps when he moved to Grosvenor House?], [Note also, he remained in Grosvenor House until some time between 1922 and 1926, but his address didn’t change in the Directory until 1928 – see below], [Note also, see the page on John Hansby Maund for more details.]
1910: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Grosvenor house, Newmarket, Cambs.’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1910. [Note: his address changed to Heath Cottage in the Medical Register in 1929, so lagging behind the Medical Directory by one year – see 1928 below.]
1922: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. M.R.C.S.Eng. D.P.H.Cantab. surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon & medical officer of health to the Urban District Council & medical officer & public vaccinator No. 1 district of Newmarket union, Grosvenor house, High st’ listed in the Newmarket commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Grosvenor ho. High street’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of the counties of Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex… . London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1922, pgs 190-197 Newmarket section. [Note: the three Grays in Lushington House (proto-Rookery), and Sidney Winslow Woollett in Cardigan Lodge (proto-Oakfield) are listed separately, as are Ernest Crompton in Rutland House who retired that year, and Gibson & Palmer.]
1926: ‘Maund, Dr. J. H., Heath Cottage’ listed under Severals Cottages, Bury Road, Newmarket. Reference: Telephone, Street and commercial Directory of Newmarket. Bury St. Edmund’s: F.G. Pawsey & Co. Ltd.; 1926, pg 34. [Note: he is also on pg 18 in the alphabetical list of names as phone number Newmarket 14 ‘Maund, J. H., Surgeon, Heath Cottage.]
1928: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, Heath Cottage, Newmarket, Cambs (Tel.14) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H.Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Med. Off. & Pub. Vacc. No.1 Dist. Newmarket Union; Med. Off. New-market Infirm.; Certif. Fact. Surg.; Mem.Camb.Med.Soc.; late Sen.Ho.Surg.St.Bart.Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1928.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1928. [Note: this was the first year that he gave Heath Cottage as his address in the Medical Directory, but note the 1926 Newmarket Street Directory above.], [Note also, his Medical Register entry did not change to Heath Cottage until 1929.], [Note also, his medical Directory entry changed in 1933 to say ‘travelling’, although he left Newmarket in 1931/2 – see below.]
1931, 24th August: Dr J. H. Maund (Medical Officer) present at a meeting of the Newmarket Urban District Council. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Aug 29 1931: 4. [Note: this is the last mention found so far of Dr Maund still in practice at Newmarket, although there is a report regarding an inquest held at Newmarket Police station on September 18th at which he was present, regarding a case from 1st August; likely he was still working in Newmarket then, but might have come back for the inquest. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Sept 19 1931: 12, but note also the May 1832 reference below.]
1931, 17th October: A report from the West Suffolk Insurance Committee quarterly meeting, regarding the quarterly report of the Medical Benefit Sub-Committee, stated that Dr N. C. Simpson of Newmarket had been added to the panel list and Dr J. H. Maund removed. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Oct 17 1931: 11. [Note: this would imply that Dr Simpson replaced Dr Maund at Heath Cottage during this quarter of 1931, which fits with the report at the time of his death in 1944 below that he left in 1931, but see 1932 below.]
1931, 6th December: The earliest mention found so far of ‘Dr. Simpson, practising at Newmarket’ after the October note above. He was mentioned as a witness in a drink-driving case. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Dec 12 1931: 4. [Note: the report also mentions a ‘Dr. W. F. Davis’ of Newmarket giving an opposing opinion, which appears to be a reporting error for Joe Davis.]
1932: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, Heath Cottage, Newmarket, Cambs (Tel.14) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H. Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Med. Off. & Pub. Vacc. No.1 Dist. Newmarket; Med. Off. Newmarket Infirm.; Certif. Fact. Surg.; Mem. Camb. Med. Soc.; late Sen. Ho. Surg. St. Bart. Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1932. [Note: this seems to lag behind the time that he left (see 1931 above, but perhaps not – see May 1832 below? But see 1944 below also, which says the left in 1931 too.]
1932: ‘SIMPSON, Norman Chas., Heath Cottage, New-market, Suffolk (Tel. 14) – M.D. Aberd. (Hnrs.) 1927, M.B., Ch.B. 1921; (Aberd.)’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1932. [Note: his Medical Directory entries record him in London before this – see the page on Norman Charles Simpson for details.], [Note also, the Medical Register records him in London until Heath Cottage in 1932 as well.]
1932, 28th May: A report on some West Suffolk County Council meetings noted that ‘Dr. J. H. Maund, of Heath Cottage, Newmarket tendered his resignation through ill-health as District Medical Officer for the 1st New-market District and as Medical Officer for the Newmarket Institution, and Dr. Nor-man Charles Simpson, of Heath Cottage Newmarket, applied for the posts’, which he obtained. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday May 28 1932: 12. [Note: it’s odd that ‘ill health’ was given as the reason, given that he left to become a ship’s surgeon according to the 1944 reference below, unless that was a lighter semi retirement role ‘travelling’ – see the page on John Hansby Maund.], [Note also, this seems to show Dr Maund working in Newmarket a little later than some of the other references suggest, perhaps suggesting an overlap with Dr Simpson for a few months, as is seen with many other similar examples elsewhere on this website.]
1936: In the section divided up by streets, ‘Heath Cottage, Simpson, Dr. Norman C., M.D., (Tel. New-market 14.)’ in the Bury Road section, and in the alphabetical list of names, ‘Simpson, Dr. Norman C., M.D., Heath cottage, Bury road’. Reference: Newmarket & District Annual & Directory. Newmarket: Eastern Counties Supplies Ltd.; 1936-37 edition, pages 87 & 163. [Note: on page 36, under ‘West Suffolk Public Assistance Committee’, ‘Dr. N. C. Simpson’ is listed as the medical officer for ‘Burwell, Mouton, Newmarket All Saints, Newmarket St. Mary’.], [Note also, Lincoln Lodge (see 1937 below) is listed in Rayes Lane under Exeter Road, inhabited by Walter C. Earl.]
1936, 10th December: Conveyance of Lincoln Lodge from Mrs Edith Collin to ‘Norman Charles Simpson of Heath Cottage… Doctor of Medicine (hereinafter called the Purchaser)’, and later in the document Lincoln Lodge with offices etc., described as ‘now in the occupation of the purchaser’ suggesting that he had already moved in, perhaps initially as a tenant. Reference: The Deeds of Lincoln Lodge, kindly lent to me in 2018 by the then owners, the Baileys. [Note: see the page on Lincoln Lodge for more details.]
1937: ‘Simpson Norman Chas. M.D.Aberd. surgn. & certifying factory surgn. & medical officer of health to the Newmarket Institution & medical officer & public vaccinator No. 1 district of Newmarket Guardians Committee of the West Suffolk County Council & medical officer to Jockey Club, Lincoln lodge, Rayes la. TN 14’ listed in the Newmarket Commercial section of Kelly’s Directory. Reference: Kelly’s directory of Suffolk. London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1937, pg 367. [Note: it’s interesting that this suggests he continued the certifying factory surgeon role of his predecessor, as well as the role of medical officer for district 1 of the successor organisation to the Newmarket Union, facts not revealed by the Medical Directory entries.]
1944, 28th August: Date of death of Dr Maund reported in the Newmarket Journal. The report also mentions that he died near St Albans in Hertfordshire, aged 80, that he’d been in practice at Newmarket for 37 years, but ‘left in 1931 to become a ship’s surgeon’. It mentions Heath Cottage and described him as ‘A typical family doctor, he was a familiar and respected figure in the town. His gentlemanly manner and keen sense of humour earned him a wide circle of friends’ and remarked ‘Many Newmarket residents will learn with deep regret’ of his death. Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Sept 9 1944: 5
1946: ‘SIMPSON, Norman Charles, Underwood Hall, Westley, Newmarket, Suffolk (Tel. Stetchworth 298) – M.D. Aberd. (Hnrs.) 1927, M.B., Ch.B. 1921; (Aberd.); Mem. Camb. Med. Soc.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1946. [Note: this was the first year that he mentioned Wesley, having been in Lincoln Lodge until 1945 – the Medical Registers show the same, as do both in 1947. The Medical Register shows him still in Westley in 1948, but the Medical Directory shows that he had moved on to Lancashire by that stage.], [Note also, see the page on Norman Charles Simpson for more details.]
1946, 16th November: It was reported in the Newmarket press that Dr Norman Simpson had been appointed to cover an STD role on a sessional basis for the local County Councils until the New Year, from which point a specialist would be taking on the role. Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Nov 16 1946: 13. [Note: this supports the impression that he continued working in practice at Newmarket until he finally left some time in 1947, Dr MacKenzie having moved into the practice building some time during 1946 (see 1947 below).]
1947: ‘MacKENZIE, Ian Kennedy, Lincoln Lodge, New-market, Suff. – M.B., Ch.B. Ed. 1934.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1947. [Note: in 1946 the Directory records him in the forces section as a Flight Lieutenant in the RAF, and the Medical Register for that year gives his address as ‘c/o/ Lloyd’s Bank, 6, Pall Mall, London’. Like the Directory, the Register records him in Lincoln Lodge by 1947.]
1948, 27th May: Conveyance of Lincoln Lodge from Norman Charles Simpson, with a Lancashire address, to Ian Kennedy Mackenzie ‘of Lincoln Lodge’ (and his wife). Reference: The Deeds of Lincoln Lodge, kindly lent to me in 2018 by the then owners, the Baileys (who bought the house from the MacKenzies in 1979, several years after the surgery had moved to Exning Road). [Note: by 1948 obviously Dr MacKenzie had already been in Lincoln Lodge for some time as their respective addresses show.]
1979: A hand written document (with sketches), passed to Dr Bailey by Dr Mackenzie’s wife, ‘when we bought the practice it was a private practice’. Reference: Note kept with the deeds of Lincoln Lodge, kindly lent to me and explained in 2018 by the then owners, the Baileys (who bought the house from the MacKenzies in 1979). [Note: this purchase of the practice was pre-NHS, which started in 1948 – see the page on Lincoln Lodge for more details and an image of the sketches.]
2018, 31st May: A full page article in the Newmarket Journal on the retirement of Dr Simon Bailey, with an outline of changes during his career, including the transitions and expansion of the practice from Lincoln Lodge, through Exning Road, to Orchard House. Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Thursday May 31 2018: 3.
Personal correspondence and discussion with those who have living memory of Exning Road Surgery.
Personal correspondence and discussion with those who have living memory of Lincoln Lodge Surgery, including with a doctor at Orchard House Surgery in 2014 whose patient aged 79 had living memory of Dr Simpson preceding Dr MacKenzie in the practice (she would have been about 12 when he left Newmarket).
Personal correspondence and discussion with those who have living memory of Orchard House Surgery, including doctors, staff and patients.
Shops History Newmarket. http://www.newmarketshops.info/index.html. [Note: newmarketshops.info has been supplied with information regarding the medical history of Newmarket by the author of talkingdust.net since August 2013 (see footnotes on some of the pages). Both websites continue to be developed, and in this sense are mutually symbiotic.]
The Medical Directory. London: Churchill. [Note: this publication has been known by various titles over the years. Initially it just covered London, but from 1847 it had a wider remit, being variously known as the London and Provincial Medical Directory, The Medical Directories, The Medical Directory, etc., essentially the same work with minor variations and developments. It is usually referred to as The Medical Directory (as opposed to The Medical Register), so that is how it’s consistently referred to on talkingdust.net.]
The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council.
Note: For published material referenced on this website see the ‘Acknowledgements for resources of published material’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page. The sources used for original unpublished documents are noted after each individual reference. Any census records are referenced directly to The National Archives, since images of these are so ubiquitous on microfilm and as digital images that they almost function like published works. Census records are covered by the ‘Open Government Licence’ as should be other such public records (see the ‘Copyright and related issues’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page for which references constitute public records, and any other copyright issues more generally such as fair dealing/use etc.).