John Hansby Maund was born in the Brecon Beacon area of Wales in about 1864. His father was a farmer, also called John Maund, and his mother’s maiden name was Hansby, hence John Hansby Maund. Both of his parents were Welsh. However, by the time of the 1871 census the family had moved to Croydon, south of London. Then by the time his father died in 1876 they were living in France (possibly related to his father’s new occupation on the 1971 census, a wine merchant). The young John Maund can’t be found on the 1881 census, by which time he would have been 17 years of age – possibly he was still living with his mother in France? (It would be interesting to know what sort of accent he had; a mix of Welsh, south Londoner and French!?).
The 1891 census is particularly interesting, since it captures John Hansby Maund as a newly qualified surgical house officer living and working at St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London. He had trained there and obtained the LRCP and MRCS qualifications in 1890, and like many with this pair of qualifications later styled himself as ‘physician and surgeon’ (see 1896 below, and The history of medical treatments, training, qualifications and regulation). John Maund appears to have continued working at Bart’s until his move to Newmarket in 1893, including in 1891 publishing a paper in the Lancet with his then boss William Morrant Baker (who interestingly Baker’s cysts are named after). However, this paper was not about those, which occur behind the knee, but the treatment of sub-maxilliary cellulitis (an infection under the chin), at a time well before antibiotics, and is an interesting read – see a summary in the references below.
So in 1893 Dr Maund appeared in Newmarket, shortly after the death of John Rowland Wright, whose practice he succeeded to. John Wright had been practising from Rous Villa, where his widow continued to live until 1901 at least. However, John Maund gave Rous Villa as his address in the Medical Register from 1894 until 1902. So it’s not completely clear whether he practised from Rous Villa with Dr Wright’s widow still living there, or perhaps he practised from Brackley House, up the other end of Rous Road, which he also gave elsewhere as his address from 1894. That might simply have been his residential address though? However, as early as 1896 he gave the Brackley House address in the Commercial Section of a local trade directory, suggesting that he practised from there. Likely he practised from Rous Villa for a while at least, perhaps to emphasise his continuity with Dr Wright (a privilege he would have paid for) then later moved the practice to Brackley House, where he’d likely lived from the outset. Certainly from 1902 he was just using the Brackley House address.
The 1901 census shows John Maund with his wife and two young sons living at Brackley House, as do further references up until 1906 at least, but the 1908 Kelly’s Directory records him at Grosvenor House on the High Street (a building that no longer exists, but stood where the right hand side of the entrance to the Jockey Club is now – see the page on Grosvenor House for details). The Maunds can be seen there on the 1911 census, by that time with two young daughters (the sons were away at boarding school). Some time in the mid 1920s they moved the practice again, to Heath Cottage, a building which no longer exists either, but was on part of the site currently occupied by the Majestic Wine Warehouse (see the page on Heath Cottage). Then after nearly four decades in practice at Newmarket John Maund suddenly left in late 1931 / early 1832 to become a ships surgeon! He was succeeded at Heath Cottage by Norman Charles Simpson. From that point Dr Maund’s Medical Directory entry reads ‘Travelling’, until 1944 when it changed to ‘retired’ (without giving an address – and the Medical Register simply records ‘c/o Lloyd’s Bank, Newmarket’ throughout that period). Finally he died in August 1944 (the same year as his apparent retirement), near St Alban’s in Hertfordshire, aged 80. Perhaps he regarded the ships surgeon role as a retirement of sorts, hence ‘Travelling’ for over a decade in the Medical Directory, which might fit with comments made in early 1932 suggesting that there was an element of ill health involved in his stepping down.
During his time in Newmarket, John Hansby Maund became medical officer of health to the Newmarket Urban District Council (a post he mentioned in his Medical Directory entry from 1904). He obtained a diploma in public health in 1909, which would have helped in that role. He also worked as some form of factory surgeon, first mentioned in 1895. In 1912 he took on District 1 of the Newmarket Union poor law institution as well, following Clement Gray’s retirement from that role. This district comprised the whole town of Newmarket, and villages to the south-east. He had done some work for the Union before that, including mental health work, but did not hold a formal post. In 1922 he also took on Ernest Crompton’s role as medical officer to the workhouse. It’s interesting to read about Dr Maund lobbying for more facilities there in 1928, recorded in the minute books, and organising fittings in the Maternity Ward and a steriliser for the Hospital that same year (again see the references below). He practised at the Rous Memorial Hospital as well, as with other Newmarket generalist medics of the period (see the page on the Rous Memorial Hospital for more on that institution).
There was a particularly fascinating case reported in the Cambridge Daily News in 1901 involving John Maund and the Rous Memorial Hospital (see image on the left). Someone had been thrown from a horse and sustained ‘a com-pressed fracture of the skull. The bone was press-ing on the brain.’ He performed an operation at the Rous Memorial Hospital, and ‘it was found that the brain was severely lacerated’. Initially the patient responded well, although later died. It’s amazing that generalist medics really did tackle pretty much anything back then – even performing what in effect involved neurosurgery! Similarly, the earliest record of John Maund in Newmarket, in 1893 as mentioned above, involved him performing a leg amputation at the Rous Memorial Hospital following another riding accident (for more on generalist medics as surgeons see The history of medical treatments, training, qualifications and regulation). Various other medical incidents appear in the surviving records, a selection from which are recorded in the references below. Amongst them it’s interesting to note that smallpox was still a problem in the first half of the 20th century, and he was involved with vaccinating against that (see the page on Newmarket and smallpox as well). His role in sending a patient to a TB sanatorium is interesting too.
Regarding contemporaries, when John Maund first arrived in Newmarket there were five practices in town, but by the end of his career this had consolidated down to the three of today. His practice evolved into today’s Orchard House Surgery (see The Orchard House practice chain for details). What was to become Oakfield Surgery was run by Walter Hutchinson when John Maund first arrived, on the High Street. Walter Hutchinson was succeeded by Sidney Winslow Woollett, who practised from Cardigan Lodge for most of John Maund’s career. Dr Maund covered for Dr Woollett in 1915/16 whilst the latter was away during the war, and again in 1922, which was likely for a holiday (Dr Woollett is the earliest Newmarket medic recorded taking a holiday, in 1904, but Dr Maund is recorded taking one in 1917 too). Later, John Maund would have seen Sidney Woollett move to Kingston House in 1928 to be succeeded there by Joe Davis (see The Oakfield practice chain for details). Regarding The Rookery practice chain, this was run by Clement Gray from Lushington House when John Maund first arrived in town. He would have seen Clement’s two sons come on stream and the practice move to Alton House, where it started to expand, including with partners from outside the family. The fourth Newmarket practice at that time, the Fyson’s at Cheveley House, was likely largely absorbed into the Grays’ on the death of Ernest Last Fyson in 1917, so during John Maund’s time in town (see The Fyson Practice chain for details) – it’s of note that although Cheveley House was virtually next door to Heath Cottage, John Maund did not move to Heath Cottage until well after Ernest Fyson’s death, so they were never neighbours. The fifth practice that John Maund would have known, part of the Page-Meads-Crompton practice chain, apparently ceased to exist in 1922 when Dr Crompton retired due to ill health, although as mentioned above John Maund succeeded to his Newmarket Union workhouse medical officer role. He would have seen Ernest Crompton arrive in town from Canada at the turn of the century to succeed the Meads at Mentmore House, then move that practice to Kingston House followed by Rutland House (Ernest Crompton was in Kingston House long before it was used by Drs Woollett and Davis of the Oakfield practice chain – see the page on Kingston House for details).
Interestingly, after John Maund’s death in 1944 there was an article in the Newmarket Journal, despite the fact that he’d been away from the town for well over a decade. It mentions his long Newmarket career, and describes him as ‘A typical family doctor… a familiar and respected figure… His gentlemanly manner and keen sense of humour earned him a wide circle of friends’ and remarked ‘Many Newmarket residents will learn with deep regret’ of his death.
Image 1: The 1891 census, reference RG12/237 (cropped – red annotations mine); image ©, reproduced with kind permission of The National Archives.
Image 2: Cambridge Daily News. Tuesday June 25 1901: 3 (cropped); image © The British Library Board, all rights reserved, reproduced with kind permission of The British Newspaper Archive, www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk. [Note: clicking here leads to the specific page on their website, but requires logging in to it, and click here for the reference below, where the other similar case is mentioned in the notes.]
Note: see the comments regarding images and copyright © etc. on the Usage &c. page as well.
1860, 5th May: The marriage of John Maund to Louisa Clifford Hansby reported in a local newspaper. Reference: The Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. Saturday May 5 1860: 7. [Note: the report describes ‘great festivity in the neighbourhood of Ty-Mawr’ (see the 1901 census below).]
1861, 7/8th April: John Maund, aged 25, a JP and farmer, born in Panteague, Monmouthshire, with his wife Louisa C. Maund, aged 20, born in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, living in Llanelly, Breconshire, with a baby daughter and several servants. Reference: The National Archives, 1861 census.
1871, 2nd/3rd April: John Maund, aged 7, born in Llanell, Breconshire, in the household of his father John Maund, aged 36, ‘J.P. and wine merchant’, born in Panteg, Monmouthshire, and two siblings, living in 3 Crescent Rd, Croydon, Surrey. Reference: The National Archives, 1871 census.
1876, 6th May: Date of death in the national probate records of John Maund, ‘formerly of 3 Crescent-road South Norwood Park in the County of Surrey but late of 16 Rue de Calais Boulogne-sur-Mer in France’. The probate was to his widow Louisa Clifford Maund of the same French address (date of probate 1st September 1876). Reference: Online image of National Probate Registry entry, ancestry.co.uk (accessed 15th June 2018).
1881, 3rd/4th April: I have not been able to find John Maund on the 1881 census. In view of the above, he might well have been living in France with his mother, aged 17. Reference: The National Archives, 1881 census.
1891: ‘MAUND, JOHN HANSBY, St. Bartholomew’s Hosp. E.C.– M.R.C.S. Eng. and L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; (St. Bart.); Jun. House Surg. St. Bart. Hosp.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1891. [Note: this was his first entry in the Medical Directory. His entry was not updated until 1894, when he was in Newmarket – see below. His 1891-3 Medical Register entries mention Bart’s like the Directory – see below regarding 1894.]
1891, 5th/6th April: ‘John Hansby Maund’, aged 27, born in ‘Llanethly’, Breconshire ‘H. Surgeon’ in St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London. Reference: Reference: The National Archives, 1891 census. [Note: he was one of several house physicians and surgeons shown, and also of interest, at the bottom on the page that he’s on there’s a ‘chloroformist’ Richard Gill (see the Lancet report below) – and see an image above. The wider census is generally interesting to look at too, since it shows several pages of patients and also lots of nurses and other staff.]
1891, 22nd August: Two cases of submaxilliary cellulitis who recovered under the care of Mr Morrant Baker at St Bartholomew’s Hospital were written up in The Lancet. The article includes the comment ‘For the following notes we are indebted to Mr. J. H. Maund, house surgeon’, followed by the two cases presented. Both cases involved a house surgeon making an incision under the supervision of Mr Baker, the second case being John Maund’s: ‘under Mr. Baker’s direction Mr. Maund made an incision in the skin, in the middle line and between the chin and the hyoid bone over the most prominent part of the swelling.’ It then describes exploring to the floor of the mouth followed by inserting a wire drain and using ‘boracic fomentations’. Eight days later the drain was removed and the fomentations stopped. The patient was discharged well 10 days after admission. It’s interesting to read such a case from before the days of antibiotics, but some anaesthetic, brandy and tincture of opium were used. The anaesthetic used was not specified in John Maund’s case, but chloroform was administered to the first similar case presented in the paper, with ‘great caution’ for fear of laryngeal obstruction ensuing (and see the census above). Reference: The Lancet 1891;138(3547):424-425. [Note: William Morrant Baker, his boss, is the person who Baker’s cysts behind the knee are named after. Reference: Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Baker, William Morrant (1839 – 1896). https://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E000740b.htm (accessed 19th June 2018).]
1893, 2nd March: ‘DEATH OF DR. WRIGHT.– Our readers will regret to hear of the death of Dr. J. R. Wright, which took place at his residence, …’ Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Mar 4 1893: 5. [Note: see the page on John Rowland Wright for more details.]
1893, 17th April: ‘SERIOUS ACCIDENT TO A STABLE LAD.– On Monday morning last… the animal he was riding reared and threw him to the ground, the result being that one of his legs was broken. He was conveyed to the Rous Memorial Hospital, and was seen by several medical men, who arrived at the conclusion that there was no alternative but to amputate the injured part of the leg, the fracture being a very serious one. The operation was skilfully performed by Dr. Maunde [sic] (Dr. Wright’s successor), and the lad is now making satisfactory progress towards recovery.’ Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Apr 22 1893: 5. [Note: ‘Mr. J. H. Maund, surgeon, Newmarket’, also attended a patient who’d been accidentally hit by a train at Kennett on 20th April, although unlike this article it does not point out that he was Dr Wright’s successor. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Apr 29 1893: 6.]
1894: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Rous Villa, Newmarket…’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1894.[Note: this continued to be his address in the Medical Register until 1902, when it changed to Brackley House (see below).]
1894: ‘MAUND, J. H., Brackley House, Newmarket’ listed as a subscriber. Reference: West S, Walsham WJ. Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports. London: Smith, Elder, & Co,; 1894 (Vol XXX), pg xxi.
1894: ‘MAUND, JOHN HANSBY, Newmarket, Cambs – M.R.C.S. Eng. and L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; (St. Bart.); late Sen. House Surg. St. Bart. Hosp. Contrib. “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1894. [Note: he did not give a house or street address in the Medical Directory until 1910 – see below, but see the Medical Register from 1894 onwards above.]
1896: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. physician & surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon, Brackley house’ listed in the Newmarket Commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Brackley house’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of Cambridgeshire… London: Kelly & Co. Limited; 1896, pgs 137-145 Newmarket section. [Note: Fyson Ernest Last, Grieves Jas. Percy, Gray Clement Frederick, Hutchinson Walter, Mead George Borthwick, and Mead George Owen are listed separately.]
1898, 26th January: Under Marriages, ‘MAUND–NODING.– On the 26th ult., at the Pro-Cathedral, Ken-sington, John, son of the late John Maund, Esq., J.P., D.L., of Ty Mawr, Brecon, to Clare, daughter of the late Thomas Henry Noding, Esq., of Trinidad, W.I.’ Reference: The Globe. Tuesday Feb 1 1898: 7.
1901, 31st March / 1st April: John H Maund, born in Ty Mawr Clydach, Breconshire, aged 37, occupation only partly legible but includes his medical qualifications MRCS and LRCP, with his wife Clare, aged 35, born in Trinidad, West Indies, together with two sons born in Newmarket (John aged 2 and Francis 5 months) and various servants, living at Brackley House, Rous Road, Newmarket. Reference: The National Archives, 1901 census. [Note: on the 1861 census above, the other side of a farm building from the Maunds is a residence called Ty Mawr, and there is a place called Clydach in the Llanelly area.]
1901, 31st March / 1st April: Edith Wright, widow, aged 51, ‘Living on own means’, at Rous Villa, with her daughter and a servant. Reference: The National Archives, 1901 census.
1901, 25th June: A report in the newspaper regarding a stable lad who had been thrown from a horse sustaining a head injury. He was seen by ‘Mr John Hansby Maund, surgeon’ in the Rous Memorial Hospital, who, ‘found a com-pressed fracture of the skull. The bone was press-ing on the brain. An operation was performed for his relief, and it was found that the brain was severely lacerated’. Amazingly this was performed by John Maund and there was ‘a very good effect at first, but the deceased got worse, and died’. Reference: Cambridge Daily News. Tuesday June 25 1901: 3. [Note: see image above.], [Note also, this is included to show that generalist medics really did tackle pretty much anything at this time – even what was in effect neurosurgery! There was an even later similar example with Dr Randall from Alton House surgery at the Rous Memorial Hospital in 1940! (click on the hospital link for the details).]
1902: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Brackley house, Newmarket, Cambs.’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1902. [Note: this continued to be his address in the Medical Register until 1910, when it changed to Grosvenor House (see below).]
1906: ‘MAUND, J. H., Brackley House, Newmarket’ listed as a subscriber. Reference: Garrod AE, McAdam Eccles W. Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports. London: Smith, Elder, & Co,; 1906 (Vol XLI), pg xxi.
1906, 23rd January: The earliest mention of ‘Dr Maund’ in the Newmarket Union minutes, although he did not hold a formal position until later (see below). This was a small payment in the accounts for something he had done in relation to recording deaths. Reference: 611/40, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1906, 3rd April: ‘Dr Maund’ provided the second medical opinion required for detention of several patients in the workhouse ‘under Sec 24 sub sec 4 of the Lunacy Act 1890’, a mental health ‘section’ in use at that time. The other medic involved was ‘Dr Gray’, the workhouse medical officer. Reference: 611/40, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1908: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. M.R.C.S.Eng. phy-sician & surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon & medi-cal officer of health to the Urban District Council, Grosvenor house’ listed in the Newmarket commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Grosvenor ho’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of the counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk (with coloured maps.) 1908. London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1908, pgs 185-192 Newmarket section.[Note: Crompton Ernest (Kingston house), Fyson Ernest Last (Cheveley house), Gray Clement Frederick (Lushington house), and Woollett Sidney Winslow (Cardigan lodge) are listed separately.]
1910: ‘MAUND, JOHN HANSBY, Grosvenor House, New-market, Cambs (Tel.14) -M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.Lond.1890; D.P.H.Cantab.1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H.Newmarket U.Dist.; Certif.Fact.Surg.; Mem.Camb.Med.Soc.; late Sen.Ho.Surg.St.Bart.Hosp. Contrib. “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,”Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1910. [Note: this was the first year that he gave a specific address in Newmarket in the Medical Directory, having mentioned just the town since 1894 – see above, but he first mentioned the telephone number 14 in 1907, which is perhaps when he moved to Grosvenor House?], [Note also, he remained in Grosvenor House until some time between 1922 and 1926, but his address didn’t change in the Directory until 1928 – see below], [Note also, he first mentioned the factory surgeon role in 1895, and the Urban District Council role in 1904.]
1910: ‘MAUND, John Hansby… Grosvenor house, Newmarket, Cambs.’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1910. [Note: his address changed to Heath Cottage in the Medical Register in 1929, so lagging behind the Medical Directory by one year – see 1928 below.]
1911, 2nd/3rd April: John Hansby Maund (Dr Maund), born in Llanelly, Breconshire, aged 47, ‘medical profession’, with his wife Clare Antonia Maund, aged 45, born in Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies (British Subject), two daughters born in Newmarket (Ruth aged 8 and Gwynith aged 6), and a servant, living in Grosvenor House, High Street, Newmarket. Reference: The National Archives, 1911 census. [Note: John Anthony Hansby Maund, aged 12, and Francis Edward Hansby Maund, aged 10, can be seen as boarders at a school in Seaford, Sussex.]
1912, 17th December: Following the resignation of Clement Gray from his Newmarket Union roles (Medical Officer of District 1 and the workhouse) John Hansby Maund was one of three applicants for the posts. In the event the District 1 role went to him and the workhouse role to Ernest Crompton, neither of whom had a role until that point. The third applicant, Sidney Winslow Woollett, was already medical officer for District 2. Reference: 611/42, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1915, 1st June: ‘A letter was read from Dr Woollett stating that Dr Maund would act as his Deputy as District Medical Officer and Public Vaccinator during his absence with the Royal Army Medical Corps. when it was resolved that this appointment be approved’. Reference: 611/43, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: Dr Woollet had originally given notice of this on 18th May, but without specifying exactly who would cover him, so was asked to do so. See the page on Sidney Winslow Woollett for details (611/43).]
1915, 2nd November: The Newmarket Union were making enquiries into the case of a jockey who suffered an accident and then ended up in an asylum. As part of this they had written to Dr Woollett asking if the two were connected and interestingly his reply came from ‘No1 Ambulance Train / Southampton Docks’ dated 9th October but minuted on 19th. He replied that he was unable to make arrangements to report on the case since he was on active service so Dr Maund his deputy was asked to examine the case. On 10th January 1916 (minuted 11th) ‘John H. Maund’ wrote from Grosvenor House that he was unable to give an opinion on a case he knew nothing about and that fresh examination would not help. Eventually Dr Woollett did report on the case (7th March 1916 minutes – 611/43) saying that he thought there was a connection. Reference: 611/43, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1916, 9th May: Dr Maund was asked to give an explanation as to why there was a delay in attending some patients in Moulton (part of his own district). There does not appear to have been a reply minuted, but presumably it was satisfactory, as he continued in the role. Reference: 611/43, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: it’s an interesting feature of these minutes that complaints were received and dealt with, as was the case with other medical officers too, (see some others mentioned alongside one involving Richard Faircloth’s assistant in 1849).]
1916, 30th May: ‘A letter was read from Dr Woollett stating that Dr Maund had given up the work of attending the cases in the No 2 Medical District and that Dr Norman Gray had consented to undertake this work…’ Reference: 611/43, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: there was mention of this in a press report of the meeting giving the reason that Dr Maund was ‘too busy with his own practice.’ Reference: The Cambridge Independent Press. Friday Jun 2 1916: 3.]
1917, 20th July: ‘A letter was read from Dr Maund stating that he would be absent on a short Holiday, and that Dr Noding would act as his locum…’ Reference: 611/44, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: this is not the earliest example of a holiday being taken by a Newmarket medic – see Sidney Winslow Woollett in 1904.], [Note also, Thomas Edward Noding was in the Medical Directory for this year as a retired Lt.-Col. R.A.M.C., obviously doing some locums in his retirement, and presumably a relative of John Maund’s wife – see 1898 above.]
1920, 17th August: A letter from Dr Maund, from Grosvenor House, regarding a patient who had been under his ‘care for some years’ with a stiff wrist from an old fracture and other issues. Reference: 611/44, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1922: ‘Maund John Hansby L.R.C.P.Lond. M.R.C.S.Eng. D.P.H.Cantab. surgeon, & certifying factory surgeon & medical officer of health to the Urban District Council & medical officer & public vaccinator No. 1 district of Newmarket union, Grosvenor house, High st’ listed in the Newmarket commercial section of Kelly’s Directory, and ‘Maund John Hansby, Grosvenor ho. High street’ in the private residents section. Reference: Kelly’s directory of the counties of Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex… London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1922, pgs 190-197 Newmarket section. [Note: the three Grays in Lushington House (proto-Rookery), and Sidney Winslow Woollett in Cardigan Lodge (proto-Oakfield) are listed separately, as are Ernest Crompton in Rutland House who retired that year (see reference below), and Gibson & Palmer.]
1922, 20th June: Following the resignation of Ernest Crompton as medical officer to the workhouse on 23rd May, due to ill health, ‘Dr John Hansby Maund’ was ‘appointed as Medical Officer of the Institution’. Reference: 611/45, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: he was the only applicant.]
1922, 12th September: ‘A letter was read from Dr Woollett stating that he proposed to be absent from his District for about 10 days from August 16th and that Dr Maund would act in his absence…’ Reference: 611/45, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1926: ‘Maund, Dr. J. H., Heath Cottage’ listed under Severals Cottages, Bury Road, Newmarket. Reference: Telephone, Street and commercial Directory of Newmarket. Bury St Edmund’s: F.G. Pawsey & Co. Ltd.; 1926, pg 34. [Note: he is also on pg 18 in the alphabetical list of names as phone number Newmarket 14 ‘Maund, J. H., Surgeon, Heath Cottage’.]
1928: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, Heath Cottage, Newmarket, Cambs (Tel.14) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H.Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Med. Off. & Pub. Vacc. No.1 Dist. Newmarket Union; Med. Off. New-market Infirm.; Certif. Fact. Surg.; Mem.Camb.Med.Soc.; late Sen.Ho.Surg.St.Bart.Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1928. [Note: this was the first year that he gave Heath Cottage as his address in the Medical Directory, but note the 1926 Newmarket Street Directory above.], [Note also, his Medical Register entry did not change to Heath Cottage until 1929.], [Note also, his medical Directory entry changed in 1933 to say ‘travelling’ – see below.]
1928, 24th January: ‘The Board considered the question of the danger of an outbreak of smallpox in this district when after discus-sion it was resolved that in view of the prevalence of Small Pox amongst casuals the Board requests the Medical Officer to examine all those coming into this Institution and offer to vaccinate all who have not been vaccinated recently’. Reference: DC1/4/1, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: see also the page on Newmarket and smallpox.]
1928, 24th January: ‘Dr Maund medical officer of the Institution’ reported on a case recently admitted there ‘at the request of Dr Paton Philip the Cambs. County Tuberculosis officer’ that ‘sanatorium treat-ment may be beneficial to her… when it was resolved that steps be taken to obtain the ad-mission of this case to the Nayland Sanatorium for such time as may be necessary.’ Reference: DC1/4/1, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: Nayland is about 30 miles south-east of Newmarket. The East Anglian Sanatorium opened there in 1901, run by a Dr June Walker, for the open air treatment of patients with TB. Reference: Sparrow, W, Carver A. Nayland & Wiston 1860s – 1950s. A portrait in photographs. Nayland with Wissington Conservation Society; 2002 (this book is composed of images with brief notes, with images 71-76 of the sanatorium, including pictures of its farm and gardens).]
1928, 21st February: ‘A letter was read from Dr Maund as Medical Officer of the Institution calling attention to the lack of certain accommodation in the Institution…’ Reference: DC1/4/1, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: a sub-committee of the ‘Institution committee’ was set up to consider this. The ‘Institution’ was how they had started referring to the workhouse – see other references above also.]
1928, 10th July: ‘Dr Maund attended and reported with reference to fittings in the Maternity Ward and a steriliser for the Hospital….’ Reference: DC1/4/1, Newmarket Union minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: these were duly purchased.]
1931, 24th August: Dr J. H. Maund (Medical Officer) present at a meeting of the Newmarket Urban District Council. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Aug 29 1931: 4. [Note: this is the last mention found so far of Dr Maund still in practice at Newmarket, although there is a report regarding an inquest held at Newmarket Police station on September 18th at which he was present, regarding a case from 1st August; likely he was still working in Newmarket then, but might have come back for the inquest. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Sept 19 1931: 12, but note also the May 1832 reference below.]
1931, 17th October: A report from the West Suffolk Insurance Committee quarterly meeting, regarding the quarterly report of the Medical Benefit Sub-Committee, stated that Dr N. C. Simpson of Newmarket had been added to the panel list and Dr J. H. Maund removed. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Oct 17 1931: 11. [Note: this would imply that Dr Simpson replaced Dr Maund at Heath Cottage during this quarter of 1931, which fits with the report at the time of his death in 1944 below that the latter left in 1931, but see 1932 below.]
1931, 6th December: The earliest mention found so far of ‘Dr. Simpson, practising at Newmarket’ after the October note above. He was mentioned as a witness in a drink-driving case. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Dec 12 1931: 4. [Note: the report also mentions a ‘Dr. W. F. Davis’ of Newmarket giving an opposing opinion, which appears to be a reporting error for Joe Davis.]
1932: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, Heath Cottage, Newmarket, Cambs (Tel.14) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H. Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Med. Off. & Pub. Vacc. No.1 Dist. Newmarket; Med. Off. Newmarket Infirm.; Certif. Fact. Surg.; Mem. Camb. Med. Soc.; late Sen. Ho. Surg. St. Bart. Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1932. [Note: this seems to lag behind the time that he left (see 1931 above, but perhaps not – see May 1832 below? But see 1944 below also, which says the left in 1931 too.]
1932: ‘SIMPSON, Norman Chas., Heath Cottage, New-market, Suffolk (Tel. 14) – M.D. Aberd. (Hnrs.) 1927, M.B., Ch.B. 1921; (Aberd.)’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1932. [Note: his Medical Directory entries record him in London before this – see the page on Norman Charles Simpson for details.], [Note also, the Medical Register also records him in London until Heath Cottage in 1932.]
1932, 28th May: A report on some West Suffolk County Council meetings noted that ‘Dr. J. H. Maund, of Heath Cottage, Newmarket tendered his resignation through ill-health as District Medical Officer for the 1st New-market District and as Medical Officer for the Newmarket Institution, and Dr. Nor-man Charles Simpson, of Heath Cottage Newmarket, applied for the posts’, which he obtained. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday May 28 1932: 12. [Note: it’s odd that ‘ill health’ was given as the reason, given that he left to become a ship’s surgeon according to the 1944 reference below, unless that was a lighter semi retirement role ‘travelling’ – see 1933 below?], [Note also, this seems to show him working in Newmarket a little later than some of the other references suggest, perhaps suggesting an overlap with Dr Simpson for a few months, as is seen with many other similar examples elsewhere on this website.]
1933: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, (Travelling) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H. Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Mem. Camb. Med. Soc.; late Surg. Rous. Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Sen. Ho. Surg. St. Bart. Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Submaxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1933. [Note: his entry continued to mention travelling until 1944, when it changed to ‘retired’ – see below.], [Note also, in the Medical Register his entry changed to ‘c/o Lloyds Bank, Newmarket’ rather than giving an address, which remained the case until his last entry in 1944.]
1944: ‘MAUND, John Hansby, (retired) – M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1890; D.P.H. Cantab. 1909; (St. Bart.); Mem. Camb. Med. Soc.; late Surg. Rous. Memor. Hosp.; M.O.H. Newmarket U. Dist.; Sen. Ho. Surg. St. Bart. Hosp. Author, “Two Cases of Sub-maxillary Cellulitis,” Lancet, 1891.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1944. [Note: this was his last entry in the Medical Directory.]
1944, 28th August: Date of death reported in the Newmarket Journal. The report also mentions that he died near St Albans in Hertfordshire, aged 80, that he’d been in practice at Newmarket for 37 years, but ‘left in 1931 to become a ship’s surgeon’. It mentions Heath Cottage and described him as ‘A typical family doctor, he was a familiar and respected figure in the town. His gentlemanly manner and keen sense of humour earned him a wide circle of friends’ and remarked ‘Many Newmarket residents will learn with deep regret’ of his death. Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Sept 9 1944: 5.
Heasman R (Dick). 160 years of service to the community. A history of Newmarket General Hospital. Mid Anglia Community Health NHS Trust; 1996. [Note: the author of this book mentions a strange incident in which Dr. Maund cut off his uvula (pg 36).]
Newmarket Union Minutes 1906-1930. Reference: 611/40-46 & DC1/4/1, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: not all entries regarding John Hansby Maund in these minutes have been detailed above. Those not recorded are largely about routine payments.]
Shops History Newmarket. http://www.newmarketshops.info/index.html. [Note: newmarketshops.info has been supplied with information regarding the medical history of Newmarket by the author of talkingdust.net since August 2013 (see footnotes on some of the pages). Both websites continue to be developed, and in this sense are mutually symbiotic.]
The Deeds of Rous Villa, kindly lent to me in 2014 by the then owners. [Note: they make no mention of John Hansby Maund. It appears that during the time that he was associated with the property it was owned by John Russell Denson, a builder from Cambridge, on a 99 year lease (starting from when it was built in 1886). John Denson presumably sublet the property to the Wrights who possibly briefly sublet part of it to John Maund – see the page on Rous Villa for more details.]
The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1890-1944. [Note: see above references for full 1891 & 94, and 1910, 28, 32, 33 and 44 entries, and 1932 for Norman Charles Simpson], [Note also, this publication has been known by various titles over the years. Initially it just covered London, but from 1847 it had a wider remit, being variously known as the London and Provincial Medical Directory, The Medical Directories, The Medical Directory, etc., essentially the same work with minor variations and developments. It is usually referred to as The Medical Directory (as opposed to The Medical Register), so that is how it’s consistently referred to on talkingdust.net.]
The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1890-1944. [Note: see above references for full 1894, 1902 and 1910 entries.], [Note also, these indicate that he was registered on 30th April 1890.]
Note: For published material referenced on this website see the ‘Acknowledgements for resources of published material’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page. The sources used for original unpublished documents are noted after each individual reference. Any census records are referenced directly to The National Archives, since images of these are so ubiquitous on microfilm and as digital images that they almost function like published works. Census records are covered by the ‘Open Government Licence’ as should be other such public records (see the ‘Copyright and related issues’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page for which references constitute public records, and any other copyright issues more generally such as fair dealing/use etc.).