Lushington House is a large old house on Newmarket High Street, on what’s called ‘The Terrace’, a row of substantial properties perched up on a raised section at the Cambridge end of the High Street, on the south side (see image on the right). The house was used as a surgery from 1861/2 to 1925, then lived in by the retired Newmarket medic Clement Frederick Gray until his death in 1943. The property remained associated with the Grays non-medical descendants until very recently, leased out as offices. Lushington House was first used as a surgery by William Henry Day, who was there by 1862, then by his successor Frederick Clement Gray from 1866, followed by later members of the Gray family i.e. Clement Frederick Gray, Gilbert Clement Gray and Norman Gray, and some other medics associated with The Rookery Practice Chain. The Grays’ practice moved to Alton House in the mid 1920s, which they built next door down the hill, behind the trees in the picture above.
The house is now Grade II listed and described as late 18th century. To my eye it doesn’t appear to be on Chapman’s 1787 map of Newmarket, so perhaps it was built shortly after that. It does seem to be referred to in a document relating to the neighbouring Godolphin House in 1805, as owned by the Reverend James Stephen Lushington, who likely built the house and gave it his name. Another document from 1793 indicates that he owned a property in Newmarket at that earlier date, apparently neighbouring a property subsequently owned by the Grays, so likely that was referring to Lushington House too (since the Grays later owned the building either side). So it seems to have existed in 1793, probably relatively newly built. Either way, it’s definitely present on the 1821 enclosure map of Newmarket’s All Saints’ parish.
The extant deeds indicate that it was owned by the son of James Stephen Lushington i.e. Stephen Rumbold Lushington, then afterwards by S. R. Lushington’s daughter’s son James Lushington Wildman (who changed his name to James Lushington Wildman Lushington!), and finally also by the latter’s son Francis James Wildman Lushington, in joint ownership. Those last two sold the house to Frederick Clement Gray in 1875. However, Frederick Gray had lived there since 1866, leasing it, as had William Henry Day before him. It seems that perhaps the Lushingtons didn’t live there much (although Stephen Rumbold Lushington did live there for a while before William Henry Day). Lord Chesterfield had lived in the house earlier (likely George Stanhope, the 6th Earl of Chesterfield, presumably also leasing it?). The house was unoccupied on the 1851 census and likely the 1841 census too; possibly at that time the Lushingtons used it when attending race meetings, otherwise leaving it empty?
So the history of Lushington House can be divided roughly into three. During the first third of its existence it was owned by the Lushingtons and used as their Newmarket home, but likely left empty a lot of the time, except when Lord Chesterfield lived there for a while, as did Stephen Rumbold Lushington after him. The middle third saw it used as a surgery, first by William Henry Day, then by his successor Frederick Clement Gray and two further generations of medical Grays. The last third of its existence has seen it used as offices. In 2013 it was sold as part of the Lushington House Investment Company (an organisation associated with the Grays, their descendants, and others) to Tattersalls. At the time of writing the brass plaques outside indicate that it houses several businesses associated with the horse racing industry.
One interesting story that I’ve heard about Lushington House, from several sources, is that during its time as a surgery there was a pipe at the front door that led up into the main bedroom. This was for patients to shout up if they required a visit at night. A slipper was then let down from the window to receive payment for the visit before the doctor went out. I’ve even heard that sometimes, following consultation through the pipe, pills were rolled down it with the advice to take them and come back in the morning if they hadn’t worked! I’ve investigated the outside of the front door at Lushington House, but can see no sign of what looks like a pipe that’s been blocked up. Perhaps it’s been removed or evidence of it might remain on the inside? Perhaps even renovation works one day will reveal it? Nevertheless, Lushington House is recorded as having a phone from 1906, with the fascinating number ‘8’!
Image 1: From Peter Norman’s Collection (cropped – red annotations mine); image reproduced with kind permission of Peter Norman. [Note: we have not been able to access the back of this old postcard to ascertain the original publisher, but using the image here seems likely acceptable, especially given the card’s age. Please make contact using the details via the footer below if you know more, for example if further acknowledgements etc. are required.]
Image 2: From a private collection (very lightly cropped); image ©, reproduced with kind permission of the Cantrill family.
Image 3: From a private collection (very lightly cropped); image ©, reproduced with kind permission of the Cantrill family.
Note: see comments regarding images and copyright © etc. on the Usage &c. page as well.
1787: It’s not entirely clear to me that Lushington House is visible on Chapman’s 1787 map of Newmarket. I’m inclined to think that it isn’t, comparing the map with others, such as the 1821 enclosure map below. Reference: SRO(B)435, ‘Plan of the Town of Newmarket, surveyed by I. Chapman London: Printed for W Faden. Geogr. to the King Charing Cross March 31 1787’, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1793: In the collection of documents relating to the Gray family’s properties in Newmarket is a lease and release document from Richard Vernon to Thomas Panton, dated 28th and 29th November 1793 respectively, which mention the neighbouring ‘messuages or tenements of the Reverand James Stephen Lushington’. These likely relate to a property that’s next door to Lushington House (either Godolphin House or Clifton House) but referring to it, especially in view of the 1805 reference below. Reference: In collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: I originally saw this collection at a solicitors’ office in London thanks to the Directors of the Lushington House Investment Company (see below), and subsequently arranged for it to be deposited in the Cambridgeshire Archives where it now has this reference number.]
1805, 26th December: ‘Assignment of Term of 1000 years in a Capital Messuage &c in Newmarket’ (apparently referring to Godolphin House) from Thomas Panton Esq. to Thomas Blofeld and Wm Mason the younger Esq., mentions, ‘a Messuage and Garden Ground of the Reverend James Stephen Lushington on or towards the west’. Reference: In collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection.]
1821: Lushington House appears to be on the 1821 enclosure map of Newmarket All Saints’ parish. Reference: FL609/13/12, Plan of the Parish of All Saints, Newmarket, in the County of Cambridge, 1821, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1841, 6th June: It’s unclear on this census where Lushington House is recorded or whether anyone was in it. Most likely it was uninhabited as in 1851, and used by the Lushingtons when attending race meetings. Reference: The National Archives, 1841 census.
1851, 30th/31st March: In the space where Lushington House and occupants would be expected (comparing neighbouring occupants on subsequent censuses – i.e. next door to the Hammonds) is recorded the statement ‘Three uninhabited Houses’. Reference: The National Archives, 1851 census.
1861: ‘DAY, Wm. HENRY, 3, Park-terr. Newmarket, Cambs.- M.D. St. And. 1857; M.R.C.S. Eng. 1854; L.S.A. 1857; late Asst.-Surg. H.M. 3rd Foot.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1861.
1861, 7/8th April: William H. Day aged 30, ‘M.D. General Practitioner’ born in Wantage, Berkshire, together with his wife Emma, newborn son with ‘Monthly Nurse’, a cook, housemaid and footman, living in what’s thought to be the later Cardigan Lodge (3 Park Terrace) in the High Street. Reference: The National Archives, 1861 census. [Note: the house is not called 3 Park Terrace on the census or Cardigan Lodge (a later name) but is thought to have been that property – see the page on Cardigan Lodge for more detail.]
1861, 7/8th April: Comparing neighbouring occupants with neighbouring censuses and other references, Lushington House is recorded as occupied by Edith Osbourne a housekeeper and ‘“To Let”’. Reference: The National Archives, 1861 census. [Note: this fits with the 23rd May reference below, stating that the house was being let.]
1861, 23rd May: Auction of the ‘HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE and Miscellaneous Effects, of the Right Honourable S. R. Lushington’ at Lushington House, ‘The whole of the effects will be sold without the slight reserve, in consequence of Lushington House being Let unfurnished.’ Reference: The Cambridge Independent Press. Saturday May 18 1861: 2.
1862: ‘DAY, WILLIAM HENRY, Lushington House, Newmarket, Cambs. – M.D. St. And. 1857; L.R.C.P. 1861; M.R.C.S. Eng. 1854; L.S.A. 1857; obtained Surg. Clin. Prize 1852, and Supl. Surg. Scholarship 1852, of Bristol Roy. Infirm.; late Staff. Asst.-Surg. to Forces, and to H.M. 3rd Foot (Buffs); served in Crimea and Siege of Sebastopol (Crimean Medal and Clasp.) Author of Prize Essay “On Strictures of the Urethra” (awarded by Med. Soc. Bristol Roy. Infirm. 1852.) Contrib: “On Neuralgia of the Uterus following Premature Labour,” “Puerperal Convulsions,” “Sequelae of Remittent Fever,” &c. Lancet, Brit. Med. Journ. &c.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1862.
1865/6: ‘DAY, WILLIAM HENRY, M.D., Lushington House, Park terrace, Newmarket.’ recorded as an ‘Ordinary Fellow’ of the Obstetrical Society of London, and having been so since 1859. Reference: Transactions of the Obstetrical Society of London. Vol. VII. For the year 1865. with a list of Officers, Fellows, etc. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.; 1866, xvi. [Note: Lushington House is not on Park Terrace but The Terrace; 3 Park Terrace was William Henry Day’s previous address, so likely this was a misunderstanding regarding his change of address by someone at the London Society who was not familiar with the subtleties of naming along different parts of Newmarket High Street.], [Note also, his membership of this society is interesting given his association with Spencer Wells – see the page on William Henry Day for more details.]
1866: ‘DAY, WILLIAM HENRY, Lushington House, Newmarket, Cambs.- M.D… Contrib. various Papers on Medical Subjects to Lancet, Brit. Med. Journ. &c.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1866.
1866: ‘Day, W. Henry’, who obtained his MRCS in 1854, recorded as at Newmarket. Reference: Personal email from the Royal College of Surgeons of England Archives, together with scanned image of 1866 members list (14th October 2013).
1866, 16th October: First mention of Frederick Clement Gray in Newmarket, ‘Newmarket Farmers’ Club.- An adjourned meeting of the members of the Farmers Club Committee was held at the Golden Lion Inn, on Tuesday last… Dr. Gray, of Newmarket, was elected a member of the association.’ Reference: Cambridge Chronicle and University Journal. Saturday Oct 20 1866: 8.
1866, 27th October: William H. Day listed as a member of the BMA in Suffolk (Newmarket). Reference: British Medical Journal 1866; 2(304): 478. [Note: Richard Faircloth, Robert Fyson and George B. Mead are also listed.]
1867: ‘GRAY, FREDERICK C., Newmarket, Cambs- M.R.C.S. Eng. and L.S.A. 1834; M.D. Jena; L.M. Edin. 1836; (St. Barthol.); late Surg. Coast-guard, Isle of Sheppey. Author of “Dissert. Med. Inaug. de Operatione Caesariana,” 1842.’ Contrib. to Lancet, 1855, &c. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1867. [Note: his first Newmarket entry in the Medical Register is also 1867 – see the page on Frederick Clement Gray regarding his whereabouts before that.]
1867: ‘Day, W. Henry’, who obtained his MRCS in 1854, recorded as at Manchester-square. Reference: Personal email from the Royal College of Surgeons of England Archives, together with scanned image of 1867 members list (14th October 2013).
1867, 19th January: Under ‘MEDICAL APPOINTMENTS’, ‘W. H. DAY, M.D., has been appointed an additional Visiting Physician to the Infirmary for Consumption and Diseases of the Chest, Margaret-street, Cavendish-square.’ Reference: The Lancet 1867;89(2264):102.
1867, 4th March: Dr Gray offered his services to the Newmarket Board of Health free of charge. Reference: EF506/1/2, Newmarket Board of Health minutes, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds). [Note: it was decided to approach Dr Fyson, the existing person in the role, to see if he would make the same offer. The minutes of 18th March record that he declined and so the post was offered to Dr Gray. Then on 1st April they record that he withdrew his offer, desiring ‘to convey to the Board his thanks for the compliment passed upon him.’ Dr Fyson was appointed on the same terms as before. The meeting was reported in the paper where Dr Mead appears to have been the main supporter of Dr Fyson continuing in the role. It was felt that it would not be right for him to be ‘set aside for a stranger like Dr. Gray’ – showing that he was still regarded as new in town. Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday April 6 1867: 8.]
1867, 29th April: Under Births, ‘Day. On April 29th, at 10, Manchester Square, the wife of W. H. Day, M.D., of a son, who survived his birth a few hours.’ Reference: British Medical Journal 1867;1(331):528.
1868: ‘Gray Frederick C., M.D., High street’ listed in Newmarket, also recorded as at ‘The Ter-race, High street’. Reference: Morris & Cos Directory of Suffolk with Gt. Yarmouth: 1868, pg 345&351. [Note: Faircloth Richard, surgeon, High street, Fyson Robert, surgeon, High street, Mead George Borwick, M.D., Mentmore house, High street were also listed], [Note also, the reference for this is incomplete, since the front pages were missing from the copy I have seen, it having be rebound with the title shown and dated in old ink on the first surviving page – copy in the Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds.]
1869, July: ‘A MIDNIGHT CAPTURE.- While Inspector Steggles, of the Suffolk force, in this town [this is in the Newmarket section], was on midnight duty last week, he observed a man with two dogs dropping from a wall surrounding a gentleman’s premises at the Cambridge end of the High-street, and on going up to him the Inspector recognized him as a noted character, named Fuller, generally known as “Chippenham Jack,” against whom he held a warrant. On attempting to take him Fuller resisted, and a severe struggle ensued, in the course of which both fell, Fuller being undermost, and on attempting to rise his leg was found to be broken. The Inspector at once got his horse and cart, and with assistance conveyed him to Dr. Gray’s house near by, and called up the doctor, who immediately set the leg and ordered his removal to the Union hospital, where he has since been attended by Dr. Mead, the house-surgeon. Great credit is due to the Inspector for his courageous conduct in apprehending this man.’ Reference: The Bury and Norwich Post. Tuesday July 27 1869: 5.
1871, 2nd/3rd April: Frederick C Grey [sic] born in Alton, Hampshire, aged 58, together with his wife Sophia, son Clement, daughters Florence and Emily, two Crompton grandchildren and five servants, living in Lushington House, Terrace, Newmarket. Both Frederick and Clement are described as ‘Gen Practitioner London’ presumably referring to their place of qualification? Reference: The National Archives, 1871 census. [Note: Emily was aged 28, born in Highgate, Middlesex, Clement aged 24, born in Dalston, Middlesex, Florence aged 13, born on the Isle of Sheppey.]
1872: ‘GRAY, CLEMENT F., Newmarket, Cambs.- M.R.C.S. Eng. and L.S.A. 1870; (St. Barthol.)’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1872. [Note: he is not in the 1871 directory (nor register), and this entry has an annotation to signify that he ‘had not registered under “The Medical Act,” up to November 1, 1871.’ – interestingly this annotation does not disappear until the 1874 edition, but the later medial registers indicate that he did in fact register on 1st April 1871. This is perhaps because for some unknown reason he does not appear in the Medical Register until the 1874 edition.]
1875, June: Rough notes written in pencil on the back of the Abstract of Title for Lushington House, ‘Wm Henry Day Esq MD of Manchester Square had a lease for [number looks like a 5 and 8 superimposed?*] years. Mr Fredk. Gray – succeeded Dr Day– F G has lived there 9 – For some years S. R Lushington lived in the house’ Three more lines read ‘Lord Chesterfied – Fl[…?] – absolute Cook.[?]’ Reference: ‘Abstract of the title of James Lushington Wildman Lushington and Francis James Wildman Lushington Esquires to a messuage with garden and appurts at Newmarket in the County of Cambridge’ in collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection], [Note also, the actual text of the abstract of title reveals that James Lushington Wildman Lushington was the son of Mary Ann Wildman the daughter of Stephen Rumbold Lushington, that he was originally just called James Lushington Wildman, but added the additional surname Lushington to the end in 1869. Francis James Wildman Lushington was his son], [ * Note also, William Day had leased the house for about 5 years but had been in Newmarket about 8 years, so perhaps this number reflects an initial remark followed by a clarifying remark made by someone in conversation with Frederick Gray as the notes were being made?]
1875, 2nd August: Lushington House described as ‘that messuage or dwellinghouse situate on ‘the terrace’ at Newmarket… formerly in the occupation of Lord Chesterfield afterwards of the said Stephen Rumbold Lushington then of William Henry Day and now in the occupation of the said Frederick Clement Gray’. Reference: Conveyance of a Messuage or Dwellinghouse situate at Newmarket in the County of Cambridge. J. L. Wildman Lushington and F. J. Wildman Lushington to Frederick Clement Gray Esquire, in collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection.]
1881, 3rd/4th April: Fredk. C. Gray ‘General Practitioner’ born in Alton, Hampshire, aged 68, together with his wife Sophia, Clement F Gray unmarried son aged 34 ‘General Practitioner’ born in Dalston, London, a granddaughter, niece, and couple of servants, living at 2 The Terrace (i.e. Lushington House). Reference: The National Archives, 1881 census.
1884, 16th December: Conveyance of plot of land behind Lushington House from W. P. Isaaccon to Fredk. C. Gray. Reference: RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection], [Note also, a brochure for the Sale of William Parr Isaacson’s estate (three copies with annotations and diagrams) shows the plot of land bought by Dr Gray. Reference: EF506/10/6a, EF506/10/6b and HE500/4/1-28, (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds); a similar brochure is in RH114/013], [Note also, this plot of land is now the part of Lushington House’s garden behind the house adjacent to the access road.]
1885, 12th June: Gilbert Clement Gray, son of Clement Frederick (surgeon) and Emma, Lushington House, baptised at All Saints’, Newmarket. Reference: Microfiche of Newmarket All Saints’ parish register (fiche 13), (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1888: ‘Gray Fk. Clement, physician & surgeon, The Terrace, High st’ and ‘Gray Clement Frederick, surgeon & medical officer & public vaccinator No. 1 district Newmarket union & medical officer to workhouse, The Terrace, High street’ listed in Newmarket. Reference: Kelly’s directory of Cambridgeshire… London: Kelly & Co.; 1888, pg 118. [Note: Fyson Ernest Last, Hutchinson Walter, Mead George Borwick, Mead George Owen and Wright John Rowland, are listed separately as just ‘surgeon’.]
1888, 17th May: ‘DEATH OF DR. F. C. GRAY.- We regret to announce the death of Dr. Frederick Clement Gray, M.R.C.S England, L.S.A., L.M., Edinburgh, which took place at his residence, Lushington House, shortly before 2 o’clock on Thursday afternoon. The deceased gentleman, who was 75 years of age, came to Newmarket to practise about 22 years ago and soon earned a reputation for skill in his pro-fession; he had an extended experience, having taken his degree in 1834, and undergone his hospital training at St. Bartholomew’s, London. His last illness, caused principally by senile decay, was a lingering one; he was last downstairs on Easter Sunday, and previously to that had been confined to his room for some weeks. He leaves a widow and family to mourn his loss, the latter including Dr. C. F. Gray, the well-known surgeon of this town.’ Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday May 19 1888: 5.
1889, 18th July: Norman Gray, son of Clement Frederick (surgeon) and Emma, (The Terrace, Newmarket), baptised at All Saints’, Newmarket. Reference: Microfiche of Newmarket All Saints’ parish register (fiche 13), (Suffolk County Record Office, Bury St Edmunds).
1891, 5th/6th April: Clement F. Gray born in Dalston, London, aged 44, ‘General Medical Practitioner’ living at Lushington House, High Street, Newmarket, together with his wife Eleanor, young sons Gilbert C. Gray and Norman Gray, widowed mother Sophia and several servants. Reference: The National Archives, 1891 census.
1901, 31st March / 1st April: Clement F. Gray born in Dalston, London, aged 48 [sic he was 54], ‘surgeon’, living in the High Street, Newmarket, with his wife and 11 year old son Norman. Reference: The National Archives, 1901 census. [Note: Gilbert was aged 15 and away at school.]
1906: ‘GRAY, CLEMENT FREDK., Newmarket, Cambs. (Tel.8) – M.R.C.S.Eng. and L.S.A. 1870; (St.Bart); Surg. Rous Memor. Hosp.; Med. Off. and pub. Vacc. 1st and 3rd Dists. and Workh. Newmarket Union; Mem. Brit. Med. Assoc. Contrib. “Case of Caesarian Section in which Mother Survived,” Brit. Med. Journ. 1883.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1906. [Note: this is included as the first reference to the house having a phone.]
1906: HARVIE, JAMES, Lushington House, Newmarket, Cambs.-L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. Ed., L.F.P.S. Glas. 1904; (Univ. Glas.). Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1908. [Note: he is presumed to have been an assistant (see the page on Clement Frederick Gray for details). He was in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire in the 1907 Directory.]
1909: ‘GRAY, Gilbert Clement… Lushington house, Newmarket…’ Reference: The Medical Register. London: General Medical Council; 1909.
1910: ‘GRAY, GILBERT CLEMENT, Lushington House, New-market (Nat.Tel.8)-M.R.C.S.,L.R.C.P.Lond.1908;(St. Bart.); Ho. Surg. Roy. Free Hosp.’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1910. [Note: from 1913 Gilbert gave his address as Brackley House, then as Lushington House again from 1922, and Alton House from 1926. Likely he changed from giving his residential address to practice address in 1922.]
1911, 2nd/3rd April: Clement Frederick Gray born in Dalston, London, aged 64, ‘Medical Practitioner’, living in Lushington House, High Street, Newmarket, together with his wife Eleanor, two sons Gilbert Clement Gray ‘Medical Practitioner’ and Norman Gray ‘Medical Student’, and two servants. Reference: The National Archives, 1911 census. [Note: this reference has special significance for talkingdust.net. In the spring of 2013 all I knew about the medical history of Newmarket was that many years ago our practice had been ‘on The Terrace up the other end of the High Street’ and that several of the doctors had been called Gray, all from the same family. I knew none of their first names. An 83 year old patient ended our consultation with the interesting aside that she’d been a patient of the practice since she was born. Interested I asked who the doctor had been when she was a little girl and she replied ‘Dr Norman Gray’, emphasizing the Norman, for obvious reasons. Fascinated by this I sent a message out to all staff, wondering whether anyone knew of a longer standing patient (subsequently we found several in their 90s). A few days later a receptionist showed me a copy of this 1911 census entry that she’d found. The obvious thing to do was to look further back in the same house – the digging had started and talkingdust.net is the result!], [Note also, see the page on the Grays for an image.]
1915: ‘GRAY, Norman, Lushington House, Newmarket – B.A. Camb. 1912; M.R.C.S,,[sic] L.R.C.P. Lond. 1914; (St. Bart.)[sic]’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1915. [Note: from 1916 Norman gave his address as Brackley House, like Gilbert (see 1910 reference above), with Clement, Gilbert and Norman all describing themselves as Gray and Sons. In 1920 Norman was back listing Lushington House (possibly changing to listing his practice address), until 1926, when Gilbert, Norman and Hendley started listing Alton House (Gray and Hendley). It appears Clement might have retired in 1926, since he stops listing Gray and Sons or any other roles (the Rous Memorial Hospital but not the Newmarket Union having been mentioned in 1925). It’s not until 1928 that his entry actually mentions ‘retired’ though – see below.]
1921, 30th September: Conveyance of Godolphin House from Capt. E. F. E. Hammond to C. F. Gray. Reference: In collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection.], [Note also, it appears that following this purchase the property was divided into three sections. The eastern part of the buliding remains as Godolphin House today (on the corner of The Avenue), the western part was sold to The Freemasons, whose Lodge is still there today (details of this transaction and a diagram of their section are in RH114/013), and the original garden of Godolphin House was added to the Lushington House property. Then the Grays built Alton House in part of this new extended garden of Lushington House – see the page on The Grays for maps showing these changes.]
1925: ‘HENDLEY, Harold Jas. Holbein, Lushington House, Newmarket, Suffolk – M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. Lond. 1921; (St. Bart.); late Res. Med. Off. Jenny Lind Hosp. Childr. Norw.; Ho. Surg. & Intern. Midw. Asst. St. Bart. Hosp.’. Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1925.
1925: Under ‘Newmarket’… then ‘Private Residents’… ‘Gray Clement Frederick, Lushington house. T N 336 / Gray Gilbert Clement, Grasmere, The Avenue / Gray Norman, Alton house, High st / Hendley Harold James H., B.A. Alton house, High street. T N 8’… then under ‘Commercial’… ‘Gray Clement Frederick M.R.C.S.Eng., L.S.A. surgeon, & medical officer to the Newmarket & Moulton Joint Hospital Board, Lushington house, High st. T N 336 / Gray Gilbert Clement M.R.C.S.Eng., L.R.C.P.Lond. surgeon (firm, Grays & Hendley), Alton house, High street. T N 8 / Gray Norman M.A., M.D., B.Ch., M.R.C.S.Eng., L.R.C.P.Lond. surgeon (firm, Grays & Hendley, Alton house, High street. T N 8 / Grays & Hendley, surgeons, Alton house, High st. T N 8 / Hendley Harold James H., B.A., M.R.C.S.Eng., L.R.C.P.Lond surgeon (firm, Grays & Hendley), Alton house, High street. T N 8’. Reference: Kelly’s directory of the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk & Essex (with coloured maps) 1925-6. London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1925, pg 201-210. [Note: Norman Gray lived at Alton House as his private residence as well as it being the surgery. It appears Harold Hendley perhaps lived there too, unless he was giving his work address in both parts of the directory?]
1928: ‘GRAY, CLEMENT FREDK. (retired), Newmarket, Cambs. (Tel. 59) – M.R.C.S.Eng. & L.S.A. 1870; (St.Bart) Author, “Case of Caesarian Section in which Mother Survived,” Brit. Med. Journ. 1883.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1928.
1943, 16th January: ‘Death of Dr. C. F. Gray / Newmarket’s Great Loss / Friend and Physician to Two Generations / It is with profound and sincere regret – a regret which will be fully shared by everyone in New-market and district – that we re-cord the death of Dr. Clement Frederick Gray, who passed away at his residence, Lushington House, High Street, Newmarket, on Saturday. He had attained the great age of 96 years, and had been in feeble health for a considerable time. / Dr. C. F. Gray was the son of the late Dr. Frederick Clement Gray, of this town, who died in 1888, and, after obtaining his medical qualifications, joined his father in practice. For some-thing like 60 years he had the largest medical practice in New-market and district,…frequently granted the use of his house and his beautiful grounds for drawing room and garden meetings on be-half, not only of Church of Eng-land societies, but also of Free Church organisations… two sons, Dr. Gilbert Gray and Dr. Norman Gray, both en-tered their father’s profession, and, upon gaining their qualifica-tions, joined him in practice… Several years ago Dr. Gray retired and handed over the practice to his sons, by whom, with their partners, it is now carried on. During the last few years of his life, Dr. Gray was practically confined to his house’. Reference: The Newmarket Journal. Saturday Jan 23 1943: 7. [Note: see the page on Clement Frederick Gray for more details on his life.]
1945, 21st November: The Lushington House Investment Company was formed. It was dissolved on 21st July 2015. Reference: Companies House. https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/00400862 (accessed 12th August 2017). [Note: this company was formed to manage the properties owned by the Grays. They had a 50% share and the solicitors who used Lushington House as offices owned 50%. It was sold to Tattersalls by their successors in 2013 – see the reference below as well.]
1945, 31st December: Conveyance of ‘freehold property known as “Lushington House” “Lushington House Stables” “Clifton House” “Rupert Cottage” and “Alton House” Newmarket in the County of Suffolk.’ from ‘G.C.Gray & N. Gray Esqs to The Lushington House Investment Company Limited.’ Reference: In collection RH114/013, (Cambridgeshire County Record Office [called Cambridgeshire Archives], Cambridge – subsequently relocated to Ely). [Note: see comments above regarding this collection and the Lushington House Investment Company], [Note also, this document states that Clement Gray bought Rupert Cottage in 1940 from The Right Honourable Hugh Cecil Earl of Lonsdale.]
1970, 10th March: Became a Grade II listed building. Described as offices, formerly a late 18th century house. Reference: British Listed Buildings. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/101037621-lushington-house-newmarket#.WY7ZCV9K2Uk (accessed 12th August 2017).
Honan RF. The Gray Matter. Adelaide: Lutheran Publishing House; 1987. [Note: this book charts the Gray family from old family records going back to 1437! and includes lots of detail regarding Australian branches descending from Frederick Clement Gray’s brothers, but it does include a small section on the Newmarket medical Grays, including Pictures of Alton House and Lushington House taken in 1985. I have used this source for dates of birth, marriage and death etc. and early Gray family history.]
Lee S. Dictionary of National Biography (Vol. XXXIV, Llwyd – Maccartney). London: Smith, Elder, & Co.; 1893. [Note: this reveals that Stephen Rumbold Lushington (b.1776 – d.1868, Faversham, Kent) was the second son of James Stephen Lushington of Rodmersham, Kent (who died in 1801).]
Shops History Newmarket. http://www.newmarketshops.info/index.html. Specific page on Lushington House: http://www.newmarketshops.info/No.119_High_Street.html. [Note: newmarketshops.info has been supplied with information regarding the medical history of Newmarket by the author of talkingdust.net since August 2013 (see footnotes on some of the pages, including this one). Both websites continue to be developed, and in this sense are mutually symbiotic.]
Note: For published material referenced on this website see the ‘Acknowledgements for resources of published material’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page. The sources used for original unpublished documents are noted after each individual reference. Any census records are referenced directly to The National Archives, since images of these are so ubiquitous on microfilm and as digital images that they almost function like published works. Census records are covered by the ‘Open Government Licence’ as should be other such public records (see the ‘Copyright and related issues’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page for which references constitute public records, and any other copyright issues more generally such as fair dealing/use etc.).