The First World War military hospitals in Newmarket town itself were Sussex Lodge and Severals House. There was also The Cheveley Park Hospital. This was in what’s still called Cheveley Park today, on the road east out of Cheveley on the way to Newmarket’s Duchess Drive, on the right hand side. It had 60 beds, taking patients directly from the trenches. Dr Norman Gray worked there, although he was abroad for some of the war (see the page on Norman Gray for details). Sussex Lodge is along a small lane off Fordham Road, on the left just past St Louis’ School. Severals House was where ‘The Severals’ flats are now, along a small lane off the bottom of Bury Road, on the left.
Note: during the Second World War the old workhouse with infirmary up Exning Road was transformed into White Lodge Emergency Hospital, which evolved into Newmarket General Hospital after the war – see the page on Newmarket Hospital for details.
The Cardigan Street District Nursing Home was built in 1923 as a memorial to the First World War, but has since closed down. At least part of its role was as a maternity hospital.
Image 1: From Peter Norman’s Collection (cropped); image reproduced with kind permission of Peter Norman.
Note: see comments regarding images and copyright © etc. on the Usage &c. page as well.
1915, 1st August: At an annual parade at Burwell in aid of Addenbrooke’s Hospital it was reported that ‘four wounded soldiers from the Sussex Lodge Hospital, Newmarket’ were in the parade. Reference: The Cambridge Independent Press. Friday Aug 6 1915: 7.
1915, 13th November: A wedding that took place at Cheveley was reported in the press for which ‘Owing to the fact that the bride has been a nurse at the Cheveley Park Hos-pital and the bridegroom a patient, the wedding was attended by the matron (Lady Saville Crossley), Dr. Norman Gray, the sisters, nurses, and as many of the patients as were able to be present; also the indoor staff at the hospital. As the bride and bridegroom left the Church the wounded formed a guard of honour.’ Reference: The Bury Free Press. Saturday Nov 13 1915: 2.
1916: ‘GRAY, Norman, Brackley House, Newmarket (Gray & Sons; Tel.69) – B.A. (Nat.Sc.Trip.) Camb.1912 [Note: this changes from 1912 to 1910 in 1917]; M.A., M.B., B.C. 1915; M.R.C.S.,L.R.C.P.Lond. 1914; (Camb. & St. Bart); Surg. Cheveley Park Milit. Hosp.; late Ho. Surg. Roy. Free Hosp.’ Reference: The Medical Directory. London: Churchill; 1916. [Note: the Cheveley Park Military Hospital role is mentioned up to and including 1917; later various R.A.M.C. roles appear instead, up to the rank of Captain (see the page on Norman Gray), like his brother Gilbert.]
1916, 19th February: A football match was reported in the press ‘played on behalf of the Sussex Lodge Military Hospital at Newmarket’. Reference: Hertfordshire Mercury. Saturday Feb 19 1916: 8. [Note: this was reported in the Hertfordshire press because it involved a Hertfordshire regimental football team stationed at Newmarket.]
1916, 16th June: A tribunal regarding exemptions to military service was reported in the press. Under the heading ‘CHEVELEY PARK HOSPITAL’ an orderly was exempted as they ‘had only two able-bodied men… Cheve-ley Park was now made a primary hospital, and they got men directly from the trenches, which made it doubly hard on the orderlies. They had 60 beds.’ Reference: Cambridge Independent Press. Friday Jun 16 1916: 6. [Note: at a similar tribunal in 1917 someone who had been rejected by the army but made ‘use-ful at the hospital, to drive the ambulance motor’ said ‘they had 60 patients at the Cheveley Park Hospital’ and he ‘was being treated for rheumatism by Dr. Gray’. Reference: Cambridge Daily News. Wednesday Mar 21 1917: 4.]
1925: The introductory section to Newmarket in the 1925 Kelly’s Directory mentions ‘The District Nursing Home, in Cardigan street, was erected in 1923 as a memorial of the Great War, 1914-18.’ Reference: Kelly’s Directory of Suffolk and Essex. London: Kelly’s Directories Ltd.; 1925, pg 362. [Note: this is repeated in later Kelly’s Directories, and see the plaque in the image above also.]
1939, 24th July: Under the heading ‘A Happy Party at Newmarket’ a photograph with the caption ‘The garden of the Nursing Home, Cardigan Street, Newmarket, was the setting for a very enjoyable party on Monday afternoon, when about thirty mothers, with their babies, were entertained to tea by the Matron (Miss Varney) and Nurse Lawson. The mothers present had all been patients at the Home since Miss Varney took up her duties some months ago…’ Reference: Bury Free Press. Saturday Jul 29 1939: 5.
1947, 13th June: ‘REQUIRED for the Cardigan Maternity Nursing Home. Night Nurse… Please apply to Sister Hillard, Maternity Home, Cardigan Street, Newmarket.’ Reference: Bury Free Press. Friday Jun 13 1947: 6.
Personal correspondence with Tony Pringle of the Newmarket Local History Society and the www.undyingmemory.net website.
Shops History Newmarket. Severals House. http://www.newmarketshops.info/Severals_House.html (accessed 12th October 2018). [Note: this website has a photograph with original caption ‘Patients of Severals House Hospital, Newmarket, England. / The group includes a number of Australians and Canadians, besides men of several English and Welsh regiments, the hospital being one of the most cosmopolitan in England.’]
Note: For published material referenced on this website see the ‘Acknowledgements for resources of published material’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page. The sources used for original unpublished documents are noted after each individual reference. Any census records are referenced directly to The National Archives, since images of these are so ubiquitous on microfilm and as digital images that they almost function like published works. Census records are covered by the ‘Open Government Licence’ as should be other such public records (see the ‘Copyright and related issues’ section on the ‘Usage &c.’ page for which references constitute public records, and any other copyright issues more generally such as fair dealing/use etc.).